Sweden has four national mobile network operators (MNOs): Telia, Telenor, Tele2, and Tre, although Telenor and Tele2 share networks. Despite Sweden’s challenging geographic conditions and low population density, Telia, Tele2, and Telenor all claim to cover over 99 percent of the population.
The companies’ claims appear to be substantiated by Tutela’s coverage data. Maps of locations where Tutela has recorded tests show that Telia, Tele2, and Telenor have 4G coverage across every urban area in the country, the majority of the road network, and significant coverage in rural areas. Visually, Telia appears to have the most dense 4G coverage, with particularly strong performance in the north of the country. Telia will face increased challenges in the next two years, however, as Tele2 and Telenor have agreed to continue their network partnership into 5G, and have secured additional 700 MHz spectrum to enhance their existing 4G network.
Tre, the smallest operator in Sweden, still lags behind the competition on coverage. It has the fewest cell sites of any of the operators, and, as a result, has to rely more heavily on 800 MHz spectrum (which travels the furthest) compared to other operators. Its users also connect to 3G more often than users on competitors’ networks, particularly outside of major cities.